What Does a Gynaecological Ultrasound Show?

The medical imaging technique known as ultrasound has grown in use to observe the health and development of fetuses and view other organs and diagnose various conditions and diseases. It is a non-invasive procedure that is painless and provides the doctor with valuable information regarding the health of a patient’s reproductive organs. So, what does a gynaecological ultrasound show? This type of ultrasound allows doctors to view a patient’s organs—such as the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries—making it possible to diagnose issues related to a patient’s reproductive organs.

What Is a Gynaecological Ultrasound?

To create an image of the organs, ultrasound uses high-frequency soundwaves. By bouncing off the internal organs within the pelvis, the soundwaves create echoes, which the ultrasound machine translates into an image of the reproductive organs that the doctor can use for diagnostic purposes. This examination can be conducted transabdominally, or transvaginally.

What Is a Transabdominal Ultrasound?

A transabdominal ultrasound is conducted by applying a water-based jelly on the abdomen and dragging the ultrasound transducer along the waist. This handheld device emits the soundwaves required to produce the image on the screen. This method is used to observe a fetus from about eight weeks into the pregnancy and view the reproductive organs. The procedure is best conducted with a full bladder to conduct the soundwaves better.

What Is a Transvaginal Ultrasound?

With a transvaginal ultrasound, the doctor inserts the transducer into the vagina of the patient. With this method, more detail can be seen because the transducer is closer to the reproductive organs. While a full bladder is required for a transabdominal ultrasound, an empty bladder is needed to produce a clear image for a transvaginal ultrasound.

What Does a Gynaecological Ultrasound Show?

A gynaecological ultrasound shows doctors images which can be used to gather valuable information about the reproductive organs to form a diagnosis. Your doctor with usually recommended an ultrasound as the first diagnostic method because it is painless and non-invasive. Ultrasounds are also incredibly safe because, unlike CT scans, they don’t produce radiation.

What can a doctor see in an ultrasound procedure?

  • Fibroids and adenomyosis can be detected using ultrasound.
  • By measuring the thickness of the uterine lining, endometrial hyperplasia can be detected using gynaecological ultrasound.
  • Ovarian cysts can be detected through an ultrasound.
  • The size and shape of the ovaries can help detect Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
  • Ectopic pregnancies can be detected in the early stages of pregnancy.
  • Blockages in the fallopian tubes can be detected.
  • Abnormalities in the anatomical structure of the reproductive organs can be observed.
  • The presence and position of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) can be detected.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can be detected.
  • Ovarian follicle size can be monitored to evaluate fertility.
  • For in vitro fertilization, the aspiration of follicular fluid and eggs from ovaries can be monitored

Beyond pregnancy, the ultrasound has been pivotal in helping doctors diagnose various conditions within the reproductive organs. If you are experiencing symptoms linked to your reproductive organs, don’t wait to see a doctor. It’s best to visit a specialist gynaecological doctor for an accurate diagnosis.

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OMNI Ultrasound & Gynaecological Care

Condous performs Advanced Endosurgery procedures for women needing intervention for pelvic masses, adnexal pathology, severe endometriosis or hysterectomy. He also runs ‘Hands on’ Live Sheep Laparoscopic Workshops for gynaecologists at Camden Veterinarian School.
Having completed an undergraduate degree with the University of Adelaide, he left Australia in 1993 and moved to London where he completed his training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. From 2001 to 2003 Condous worked as a Senior Research Fellow at St George’s Hospital, London. At St George’s he set up the Acute Gynaecology Unit, the first in the United Kingdom. It was also during this time that he developed an interest in Early Pregnancy and especially the management of pregnancies of unknown location (PULs). Condous has developed many mathematical models for the prediction of outcome of PULs which have been featured in numerous peer review journals. In 2005, he returned to Australia where he completed his Laparoscopic Fellowship at the Centre for Advanced Reproductive Endosurgery, Royal North Shore, Sydney.

Condous was appointed as a Consultant Gynaecologist and Senior Lecturer at Nepean Hospital in 2006 and soon was made Associate Professor. In 2010, he was made Departmental Head of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Nepean Hospital. He obtained the MRCOG in 1999 and was made FRANZCOG in 2005. In 2009, he was awarded his Doctorate in Medicine (MD), University of London, for his thesis entitled: “The management of pregnancies of unknown location and the development of new mathematical models to predict outcome”.

Condous has edited three books including the “Handbook of Early Pregnancy Care”, published over 100 papers in international journals and is internationally renowned for his work in Early Pregnancy. He is the Associate Editor for Gynaecologic Obstetric Investigation, which is a European based journal, as well as the Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM). He is on the organising committee and is an invited speaker at the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ISUOG) Scientific meeting in Sydney 2013. His current research interests relate to the management of ectopic pregnancy, 1st trimester growth, PULs and miscarriage and the use of transvaginal ultrasound (in particular sonovaginography, to predict posterior compartment deep infiltrating rectovaginal endometriosis).Condous is also actively involved with post-graduate education including the annual running of the Early Pregnancy and Gynaecological Ultrasound Interactive Courses for Sonologists, Radiologists, Sonographers and Gynaecologists in Australia.